Overview of the USD/HKD currency pair 

The exchange rate between the US dollar and the HKD is represented by the USD/HKD currency pair. Despite being a Special Administrative Region of China, Hong Kong has its own dollar-pegged currency.

With a trading range of +/- 0.5%, the USD/HKD exchange rate is 7.8 HKD per USD. The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) intervenes in the foreign exchange market to keep the exchange rate within the trading band.

The USD/HKD currency pair is therefore seen as having minimal volatility. In order to protect themselves from currency risk when trading, firms, and investors use it extensively in the Asia-Pacific area.

Global economic events that impact both the US and Hong Kong economies and the monetary policies of the US Federal Reserve and the HKMA are some of the main influences on the USD/HKD currency pair.

Importance of fundamental analysis 

Fundamental analysis is an essential tool for understanding the USD/HKD currency market drivers. This approach involves analyzing economic, financial, and political factors that affect the value of the US dollar and Hong Kong dollar.

Fundamental analysis helps traders and investors decide when to buy or sell the USD/HKD currency pair. By understanding the underlying economic and political factors that influence the exchange rate, traders can better anticipate market movements and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

A brief explanation of the Hong Kong dollar 

The Hong Kong dollar (HKD) is the official currency of Hong Kong, a Special Administrative Region of China. It is issued by the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), the central bank of Hong Kong.

The HKD has been pegged to the US dollar since 1983, with a fixed exchange rate of around 7.8 HKD per USD. The HKMA intervenes in the foreign exchange market to maintain the exchange rate within a trading band of +/- 0.5%.

The HKD is widely used in Hong Kong for daily transactions and by businesses and investors for international trade and investment. The HKMA also manages the HKD exchange fund, which is used to maintain the stability of the HKD exchange rate and support the Hong Kong economy.

Macroeconomic Overview – United States 

With a GDP of more than $25.46 trillion in 2022, the United States has one of the largest economies on earth. Various economic, financial, and political elements that have a big impact on the world financial system also impact the macroeconomic situation in the US.

Economic Indicators Review 

There are some major economic indicators that traders pay close attention to in their analysis. While the economic indicators below are major, keep in mind that a comprehensive system of analysis will have to consider everything.

GDP and Unemployment Rate 

Two of the most significant economic indicators that show the general health of the US economy are the GDP and the unemployment rate. The US GDP expanded at a 9.2% annual rate in 2022, propelled by robust consumer and business investment. The US labor market is strong, as seen by the decrease in the unemployment rate to 3.5%.

Inflation Rates 

Another important economic indicator for the US is the inflation rate, which measures how quickly prices for goods and services are rising. During 2022, the US inflation rate increased to 6.5%, primarily due to supply chain interruptions and an increase in demand due to the economy's reopening.

Business and Consumer Confidence 

Important economic indicators for the US include business and consumer confidence, which reflects how optimistic or pessimistic people are about the economy's prospects. Despite the difficulties brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic during the previous year, consumer and business confidence in 2022 remained largely positive. However, in 2023, the numbers have been dropping.

Monetary Policy 

Monetary policy has a massive effect on a currency, as it greatly influences the underlying economy of that currency.

Federal Reserve’s Monetary Policy 

A further important aspect that affects the macroeconomic environment in the US is the monetary policy of the Federal Reserve. To boost the US economy during the pandemic, the Fed has introduced several initiatives, such as near-zero interest rates and bond-buying schemes.

Interest Rate Expectations 

Over the last 18 months, the Fed has raised rates multiple times and is expected to stabilize its trajectory of hikes to a rather historically high level. Interest rate expectations can be one of the biggest drivers of a currency, as higher rates tend to attract more investment.

Political Climate and US-China Relations 

The macroeconomic environment is significantly impacted by the political situation in the US. Government policies, notably fiscal ones like tax reductions and spending plans, can greatly impact the economy. The US has also implemented several tariffs and trade restrictions on Chinese goods in recent years, which has increased the importance of US-China trade ties.

Macroeconomic Overview - Hong Kong 

Various economic, financial, and political issues impact Hong Kong's highly developed economy, which is a major worldwide financial hub. The macroeconomic overview of Hong Kong sheds light on the main driving forces behind the economy's overall health.

Economic Indicators Review 

When trying to gauge where the Hong Kong dollar may go, it is important to know where the Hong Kong economy is going. These indicators are some of the largest that traders follow.

GDP and Unemployment Rate 

Two important metrics that show the general health of the Hong Kong economy are GDP and the unemployment rate. The COVID-19 pandemic has presented obstacles, but the Hong Kong economy has persevered, with GDP increasing by 7.5% in Q2 2021. Additionally, the unemployment rate has dropped to 5.5%, indicating a reasonably robust job market in Hong Kong.

Inflation Rate 

Another important economic statistic for Hong Kong is the inflation rate, which measures how much the cost of goods and services has increased. A stable economy is reflected in Hong Kong's very low inflation rate of 1.7% in 2022.

Consumer and Business Confidence 

Additionally, significant economic indicators for Hong Kong are consumer and business confidence, which expresses how optimistic or pessimistic people are about the economy's future. Business and consumer confidence in Hong Kong has held steady despite political tensions with China and the effects of international trade wars.

HKMA’s Monetary Policy 

Another significant element that affects how Hong Kong's macroeconomic environment is shaped is the monetary policy of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority. The HKMA oversees the US dollar-pegged Hong Kong dollar and has implemented several measures to uphold stability and encourage economic expansion.

Interest Rate Expectations 

Another important factor affecting Hong Kong's macroeconomic environment is interest rate expectations. The HKMA has kept interest rates low in recent years to assist the Hong Kong economy, and future expectations for interest rates will greatly impact the economy.

Political Climate and Hong Kong – China Relations 

With increased tensions between Hong Kong and China, the political atmosphere in Hong Kong has also taken on greater significance in recent years. The Hong Kong economy has been significantly impacted by political unrest, with tourism and investment both declining.

The Hong Kong economy has also been significantly impacted by international trade conflicts as a result of tariffs and other trade restrictions that have an impact on Hong Kong's trading connections with other nations.

Analysis of the USD/HKD Currency Pair

To analyze the USD/HKD pair, you must have a certain amount of analysis done on relevant economic indicators. While not all possible ones are listed in this section, this is a brief look at some of the most important ones.


Relevant Economic Indicators

Some of the most important economic indicators that are watched when trading the USD/HKD pair are listed below:

Correlation between the US and Hong Kong economies 

When analyzing the USD/HKD currency pair, it's crucial to consider how the US and Hong Kong economies are related. The US is a significant economic partner and investor in Hong Kong, and the two nations' economies are intertwined.

Impact of GDP growth, inflation rates, and interest rate on the currency pair 

Numerous economic, financial, and political variables impact the USD/HKD currency pair, affecting how much the US dollar and Hong Kong dollar exchange. Making educated decisions regarding trading the USD/HKD currency pair can be aided by an understanding of the pertinent economic indicators and elements that support a bullish or bearish outlook. Positive economic indicators often result in an appreciation of the currency pair, although GDP growth, inflation, and interest rates also have major effects.

Factors Supporting a Bullish or Bearish Stance

While there are multiple reasons to be either bullish or bearish about this market, there are a few things that you may wish to pay close attention such as the following:

Impact of the Federal Reserve’s interest rate policy on the currency pair 

Another important aspect to consider when examining the USD/HKD currency pair is the Federal Reserve's interest rate policy. The demand for US and Hong Kong dollars can fluctuate in response to changes in interest rates, which can affect the exchange rate between the two currencies. Having said that, the HKMA will typically try to keep rates in line to stay within the range that the central bank has set for the HKD.

Geopolitical risks stemming from the US-China trade tensions and Hong Kong’s political situation 

The geopolitical risks of the US-China trade war and Hong Kong's political climate are also very risky for the currency pair. Unexpected shifts in international trade regulations, especially between the United States and China, can greatly impact the currency pair.

Potential risks to the currency pair 

Unexpected changes in international trade regulations, which might have a considerable impact on the US and Hong Kong economies, are among the potential threats to the currency pair. The currency pair may also be affected by unanticipated changes in US or Hong Kong monetary policies, which could cause exchange rate volatility. Last but not least, the potential devaluation of the Hong Kong dollar brought on by political unrest may have a big effect on the currency pair. All of these issues can be influential, but the majority of the time, the pair is relatively stable.


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As a result of its low volatility, the USD/HKD currency pair is a key forex pair frequently utilized in the Asia-Pacific region. comprehending the economic, financial, and political variables that influence the value of the US dollar and Hong Kong dollar is crucial for comprehending the market's drivers. The US and Hong Kong macroeconomic situations determine how much the two currencies will swap for. Although the currency pair typically appreciates when economic indicators are strong, geopolitical risks related to the US-China trade war and Hong Kong's political unrest can be dangerous.

VSTAR allows traders to access the USD/HKD currency pair and other assets with a mobile-enhanced trading experience app and a high level of regulation and licensing for their deposits' safety via CySec.

*Disclaimer: The content of this article is for learning purposes only and does not represent the official position of VSTAR, nor can it be used as investment advice.